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印度对加密资产征收新税

毫不奇怪,加密货币市场席卷全球,包括印度。 不久前,数字货币浪潮在该国获得了动力,现在已成为许多人的投资选择。 然而,随着近期市场的持续上涨和下跌带来的波动,许多印度投资者正在评估他们的交易选择,转而密切关注局势。

加密货币行业见证了印度政府的极端监管,对其作为可接受投标的合法性、有效性和适用性进行了长达一年的辩论。 最近,政府已恢复谈判,将加密货币交易纳入“商品和服务税”(GST)范围内,这是一种销售税,于 2017 年 7 月 1 日在印度推出。

这种税收的引入可能会抑制投资者的精神,并抑制印度加密货币市场的扩张。 GST 委员会是一个为此类与销售税相关的规则做出决定的机构,预计将很快开会,讨论将加密货币纳入根据 GST 征税的商品或服务的可能性。

商品及服务税委员会和预期成果

该委员会由联盟和州级税收官员和部长组成,他们正试图以分阶段和实际的方式评估对加密交易征收 GST 的更广泛影响。

据报道,该委员会将于 6 月底开始召开为期 2-3 天的短期会议,讨论可能适用于虚拟数字资产 (VDA) 的 GST 板块。 印度的各种 GST 平板税率从 5%、12%、18% 和 28% 不等,其中最后一个通常用于奢侈品。 专家猜测表明,委员会最有可能对 VDA 应用 28% 的平板,这引起了市场交易商和投资者的广泛反对。

决定印度加密货币征税需要更多时间

负责向理事会报告和转发更新的装修委员会已要求延期,因为尚不清楚加密资产是否应被视为商品或服务。 由于中央政府没有充分规定 VDA 相关交易的合法性,委员会还要求理事会有更多时间来管理该问题。

The Council is expected to fully evaluate crypto exchange platforms, DeFi wallets and other payment chains while doling out a mechanism to collect GST payments. Since there is a lot of ambiguity on the status of VDAs in India, most finance officers are awaiting official central government notifications confirming the legality of the same.

These recent and rapid developments in the crypto space in India come in after the February budget wherein, the central government, while considering the speculative nature of transactions in the crypto industry considered it to be at par with similar activities like gambling, thus the need for it to be brought under central legislation.

However, most reports suggest that the GST Council’s decisions will not have an immediate effect on crypto transactions in India. Market speculation is such that the Council is determined to thoroughly examine and assess the ramifications of such a decision and will hence only decide after multiple, subsequent meetings and reports from state financial officers.

Legality of Crypto and Other Direct Taxes

In another contentious discussion surrounding VDAs in India, the federal body- the Central Board of Direct Taxes, recently clarified all doubts around the ‘1% Tax Deducted at Source/TDS’ for crypto assets as expanded upon in the most recent annual budget, which will kick in from the 1st of the next month.

提供的澄清是,税收将适用于整个交易金额,征收税款的责任将主要基于交易所平台。

在这种情况下,促成此类交易的经纪公司将负责协助交易所平台扣除 TDS。 董事会进一步表示,在P2P交易中,将委托买方进行TDS扣除。 这些澄清伴随着财政部长最近的声明,即此类 VDA 的收入将按 30% 的税率征税,从而为投资者在该国此类数字资产的合法性方面提供了一些放松。

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